Overhead Crane and Technician Standards
CRANE 1 is committed to providing our customers with trained, qualified and competent Inspectors and Technicians. As a member of MHI, CRANE 1 endorses and follows the requirements of CMAA Specification 78 throughout our national network of service branches.
In the United States, the recognized standard for overhead crane and hoist inspector qualifications is CMAA Specification 78. CMAA 78 was developed by the Crane Manufacturers Association of America, Inc. (CMAA) which is an independent incorporated trade association affiliated with Material Handling Industry (MHI).
CMAA representative Dan Beilfuss from Columbus McKinnon Corp. said: “Spec 78 was written with a primary purpose to recognize overhead traveling crane service and the service for associated hoisting equipment, as an industry worthy of having guidelines and standards for providing high quality, professional services performed by safety-minded, manufacturer-trained and certified technicians.”
CMAA 78 was revised in 2015 and contains several revisions to the document originally published in 2002. CMAA has added a minimum number of hours of relevant work experience required for crane service technician qualifications. Similarly, it has added a minimum number of hours of work experience as a crane service technician required for crane inspector qualifications.
Both of these roles now require a measurable amount of related work experience rather than a subjective statement. For example, a crane technician and crane inspector should have a minimum of 2,000 hours of relevant work experience and training related to maintaining, inspecting, servicing, repairing and modifying cranes.
CMAA has also added a new table that shows a thorough list of pre-shift inspection items, added a root cause analysis guideline and the CMAA runway alignment chart from Specification Nos. 70 and 74.
Are defined as persons engaging in the testing, examination and/or certification of cranes, including but not limited overhead traveling single or double girder top running, under running, gantry cranes, monorails and associated hoisting equipment
Are defined as persons engaging in repairing, troubleshooting, maintaining, servicing and functional testing of cranes, including but not limited to overhead traveling single or double girder top running, under running, gantry cranes, monorails and associated hoisting equipment.
Summary of the requirements of both Inspectors and Crane Technician include:
A minimum of 2,000 hours of relevant work experience and training related to cranes and the ability to identify deficiencies and make repairs to mechanical, structural, and electrical crane components and associated hoisting equipment. In addition, there are minimum physical and work capability requirements that include communication, vision, hearing, health and medical – that are detailed within the standard.
The training requirements include formal training in their area of expertise and trade skills such as basic electricity and wiring practices, basic mechanical principles, machinery alignment, rigging, etc. In addition, they must have received proper training on safe operating practices of cranes; manufacturer-specific training on troubleshooting and repair of components, job site safety, use of tools and equipment and job site communication and conduct.
Inspectors must receive training on the relevant codes and standards and receive documented inspection training at least every two years to ensure that they stay up with changing codes and standards.
Documented written and practical testing is required to ensure that the technicians and inspectors can demonstrate competence.
CRANE 1 has an extensive training program that requires documented formalized training of Inspector and Technician. The full CMAA Specification is available for purchase at www.mhi.org or contact your nearest CRANE 1 office for more information.